By Evandro Agazzi (auth.), Evandro Agazzi, Alberto Cordero (eds.)
It has usually been famous form of double dynamics char- terizes the improvement of technology. at the one hand the development in each self-discipline appears to be like because the end result of an expanding specialization, implying the restrict of the inquiry to very partial fields or elements of a given area. nevertheless, an contrary (but one may perhaps larger say a complementary) pattern issues in the direction of the development of theoretical frameworks of serious ge- rality, the purpose of which turns out to correspond no longer loads to the necessity of supplying «explanations» for the main points accrued via partial research, as to the will of achieving an - rizon of world comprehension of the entire box. This intell- tual dialectics is perceivable in each self-discipline, from mathe- tics, to physics, to biology, to heritage, to economics, to sociology, and it's not tough to acknowledge there the presence of the 2 major attitudes in response to which humans try and make «intelligible» the area surrounding them (including themselves), attitudes that are also known as research and synthesis. They correspond respectively to the spontaneous inclination which pushes us to aim to appreciate issues by means of seeing «how they're made», within the feel of «looking into them» and breaking them into their constitutive components, or particularly to surround issues in an international photo, the place they're accounted for as occupying a spot, or taking part in a task, that are comprehensible from the viewpoint of the whole.
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Extra info for Philosophy and the Origin and Evolution of the Universe
4. ). THE UNIVERSE AS PROBLEM 47 5. What we are maintaining here is that while natural science (let us call it «physics» for brevity) investigatesparticular "natural phenomena",cosmology investigates"the world" as a whole (according to the different definitions of cosmologywe have found in the literature), and for this reason it cannot be a domain of physics.
E. This is what happensin cosmology,and it is the reason for cosmology's being related to philosophy no less than to physicsand (as we haveseen)to historiography. g. when it was realized that classicalmechanicswas unable to cope with classical electrodynamics, when efforts were made to construct mechanicalmodels of the electromagneticfield). Now, in the caseof cosmology,there is at least some suspicion that this immunization of the auxiliary theories may also pass over to the cosmological theories themselves,perhaps (as certain philosopherssuchas Hubner have maintained)owing to the intervention of implicit a priori presuppositionswhich are involved in them.
We haveseenthereforethat cosmologicalquestionsare philosophical questionsby their very nature. AGAZZI by going back to chemistry, and then answer the problem of the constitution of the chemical elementsby going back to physics. And then? Is physics the ultimate ground for solving the problem of the origin? This view is not in itself absurd,but it should be supportedby showing that physical conceptsand physical theoriesare independentof extra-physicala priori presuppositions, and have an unrestricted and allembracingvalidity.