By Simon Hug
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Extra info for Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies
Sjoblom (1983), while discussing an inventory of reasons as to why the accountability of parties might weaken, formulates three hypotheses: - The larger the number of issues, the more unpredictable is the agendasetting. 42 Altering Party Systems - The larger the number of actors who influence the agenda-setting, the more unpredictable will be the result. - The greater the unpredictability of the agenda-setting, the greater will be the strategic uncertainty of the parties. (Sjoblom 1983, 389f) Sjoblom argues that the increase of the number of issues is very much linked to the growing importance of the public sector and, consequently, he limits its impact on the more recent history of our societies.
The choice of a game-theoretic model is further warranted by the fact that the interaction between established parties and their potential challengers takes place in a well-structured environment. Questions of access to the electoral process, of the criteria of forming parties, and of the appointment of candidates in elections, are largely determined by institutions. In such environments, game-theoretic models are especially well suited, since the choices available to the actors are relatively well defined.
Below. " 2. " Their model relies mostly on elements ofthe collective action literature, emphasizing the benefits which an ethnoregional party can offer. Kalyvas's (1996) study of the fonnation of Christian-democratic parties in five West European countries is much closer to my study. But since the emergence of these parties often went together with the fonnation of the party systems, the explanatory elements between his model and mine differ to some extent. A Theoretical Model 39 issues were becoming important, is essential to an explanation of the success of Green parties.