Aboriginal Convicts: Australian, Khoisan and Maori Exiles by Kristyn Harman

By Kristyn Harman

Revealing the forgotten tales of Aboriginal convicts, this e-book describes how they lived, worked, have been punished, and died. Profiling numerous of the one hundred thirty Aboriginal convicts who have been transported to and in the Australian penal colonies, this assortment positive factors the trips of Aboriginal warriors Bulldog and Musquito, Maori warrior Hohepa Te Umuroa, and Khoisan soldier Booy Piet.

Bulldog and Musquito, Aboriginal warriors from the Hawkesbury, have been captured and despatched to Norfolk Island following frontier skirmishes in New South Wales. ultimately, Bulldog turns out to have made it domestic. Musquito was once transported to Van Diemen’s Land, the place he laboured as a convict servant. He by no means lower back. Hohepa Te Umuroa was once arrested close to Wellington in 1846, with a bunch of Maori warriors. 5 of the boys have been transported to Van Diemen’s Land the place Te Umuroa died in custody. greater than a hundred and forty years later, his is still have been carried domestic to New Zealand. Booy Piet, a twenty-six year-old Khoisan soldier from the Cape Colony, was once transported to Van Diemen’s Land for desertion in 1842. After 3 years of convict labour, he died in Hobart common clinic. those males are between one hundred thirty aboriginal convicts who have been transported to and in the Australian penal colonies. They lived, laboured, have been punished, and died along different convicts, yet until eventually this groundbreaking ebook, their tales had mostly been forgotten.

"An enticing, deeply researched, and richly-detailed examine of a protracted forgotten element of Australia's colonial past." —Henry Reynolds, writer, destiny of a unfastened humans

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Additional resources for Aboriginal Convicts: Australian, Khoisan and Maori Exiles

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Duall was taken prisoner, in 1816, after Governor Lachlan Macquarie ordered a punitive expedition against Aborigines at the Cowpastures. In these early decades, the colony’s laws were overseen by the Governor and his Judge Advocate. The Supreme Court of New South Wales was yet to be established. The conflicts that formed a backdrop to the men’s captivity were not simply a matter of black against white. Instead, their stories reveal delicate, fraught and complex negotiations within and between various colonising and indigenous groups.

32 The punitive expeditionary parties took only a handful of Aboriginal prisoners. 33 Duall was left in gaol awaiting the Governor’s pleasure. A full three months passed before his fate was made public by Macquarie in the Sydney Gazette. The Governor described Duall as ‘dangerous to the peace and good order of the community’. indd 24 23/07/12 3:34 PM Banishing Musquito, Bull Dog and Duall By virtue therefore of the power vested in me, as Governor in Chief of this Territory, and moved with compassion towards the said criminal, in consideration of his ignorance of the laws and duties of civilized nations, I do hereby remit the punishment of death, which his repeated crimes and offences had justly merited and incurred, and commute the same into banishment from this part of His Majesty’s Territory of New South Wales to Port Dalrymple, in Van Diemen’s Land, for the full term of seven years.

He also sought rewards for the men. Throsby asked that Coocoogong be designated ‘Chief of the Burrakburrak Tribe, of which place he is a Native’, suggesting that this ‘may be the means of tranquilizing the Natives about Bathurst’, an area that the settlers intended for more intensive occupation. 13 On receiving news of the successful conclusion of Throsby’s expedition, Macquarie ordered that the proposed titles and breastplates be bestowed upon Coocoogong and Duall (no further mention was made of Bian).

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